When you’re on the road, you can’t predict or control how other drivers will behave. However, you can anticipate situations that can potentially cause accidents and do your best to avoid them. That’s what defensive driving is all about.
Situations that increase the chances of being involved in a car crash
You are more likely to have an automobile related accident if: (1) you are driving at an inappropriate speed, whether you are going too slowly or quickly, (2) you are driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs, (3) you are driving when you are fatigued, and (4) you are distracted or unaware of your surroundings. An important part of defensive driving is avoiding these circumstances.
The two-second rule
The two-second rule gives you time to anticipate the actions of vehicles before you react accordingly. Pick out a landmark. Make sure that the vehicle ahead of you passes it two seconds before you do so. Do this at regular intervals. By using this rule, you’re also able to avoid tailgating and have a way to make sure that you’re driving at an appropriate speed for that road.
Avoiding road rage
Control your temper, as this impairs your judgment and can lead to poor driving decisions. If another driver’s road rage is directed at you, safely get away and distance yourself from that driver.
Keeping all your attention on the road
This just doesn’t include the vehicles around you. You should be aware of signs, roadblocks, and pedestrians as well. Avoid distractions such as eating, using a cell phone, and doing other tasks like grooming while driving.